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Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Medicaid plays a key role in efforts to reduce the number of uninsured by expanding eligibility to nearly all low income adults with incomes at or below 138 percent of the federal poverty level ($16,242 per year for an individual in 2015) with 100 percent  federal financing for the first three years, gradually decreasing to 90 percent. However, the 2012 Supreme Court ruling on the ACA’s constitutionality effectively made the expansion a state option. As of July 2016, 32 states including DC have adopted the expansion, and nearly all are implementing it as set forth by the law. A limited number of states have obtained or are seeking approval through Section 1115 waivers to implement the expansion in ways that extend beyond the flexibility provided by the law.  In some cases, these alternative models to implement the expansion are seen as a politically viable way to extend coverage and capture enhanced federal matching funds for newly eligible adults.  This page highlights some key resources examining ACA Medicaid expansion waivers and, farther down, also provides the standard search result page for a site-wide search on the “waivers” tag.
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Recent Growth in Medicaid Home and Community-Based Service Waivers

Medicaid spending on home and community-based service (HCBS) waivers dominates spending on community-based long-term care services offered through the Medicaid program. This paper examines trends in HCBS waiver enrollment and spending in recent years. Report (.pdf)

Premium Assistance in Medicaid and CHIP: An Overview of Current Options and Implications of the Affordable Care Act

Premium assistance is the use of public funds through Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) to purchase private coverage. States have pursued premium assistance with varied objectives, including covering parents not otherwise eligible for public coverage and promoting the use of private coverage. Implementation of the Affordable Care…

Medicaid Expansion in New Hampshire

This fact sheet provides a summary of the approved waiver in New Hampshire. New Hampshire has already implemented the ACA Medicaid expansion, but state legislation required the state to submit a waiver to implement mandatory Qualified Health Plan (QHP) premium assistance beginning in January 2016.

An Overview of Actions Taken by State Lawmakers Regarding the Medicaid Expansion

The ACA Medicaid expansion has garnered different responses from statelawmakers – Democratics and Republicans as well as governors and legislatures. While it does not cover how every state has enacted the ACA Medicaid expansion, this fact sheet highlights some of the different actions state lawmakers have taken in response to the ACA Medicaid expansion.

The ACA and Medicaid Expansion Waivers

This issue brief provides an overview of the Section 1115 Medicaid demonstration waivers obtained by six states – Arkansas, Iowa, Michigan, Indiana, New Hampshire and Montana — that are pursuing alternative Medicaid expansions under the Affordable Care Act. It reviews key provisions related to premiums, cost sharing and benefits that have been approved in such waivers by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), and also notes those that have been turned down.

Wisconsin’s BadgerCare Program and the ACA

This fact sheet provides an overview of changes to BadgerCare, Wisconsin’s 1115 waiver demonstration project, and how it relates to the Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid expansion.

Medicaid Expansion in Iowa

This fact sheet summarizes key features of IA’s Medicaid expansion waivers.

Medicaid Expansion in Indiana

This fact sheet summarizes key elements of Indiana’s Section 1115 Medicaid expansion waiver, HIP 2.0.

An Overview of Delivery System Reform Incentive Payment (DSRIP) Waivers

This brief will examine similarities and difference across key elements of DSRIP waivers. The states included in this analysis are: California, Texas, Kansas, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and New York. The key elements of DSRIP initiatives that will be explored in this analysis include: the goals and objectives of the DSRIP initiative; eligible providers; projects and organization; allocation of funds; data collection and evaluation/reporting; and financing of DSRIP waivers.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in Menlo Park, California.