This policy brief provides an overview of recent Section 1115 waivers and a discussion of key issues. The HIFA initiative, combined with state fiscal pressures, have led to an increase in the number of states seeking Section 1115 waivers. Many of these recent waivers stake out new ground in terms of the scope of changes in coverage that they permit.
Featured Waivers Resources
This issue brief provides an overview of the Section 1115 Medicaid demonstration waivers obtained by six states – Arkansas, Iowa, Michigan, Indiana, New Hampshire and Montana — that are pursuing alternative Medicaid expansions under the Affordable Care Act. It reviews key provisions related to premiums, cost sharing and benefits that have been approved in such waivers by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), and also notes those that have been turned down.
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Related Waivers Resources
- Medicaid Expansion Waivers: What Will We Learn?
- Medicaid Non-Emergency Medical Transportation: Overview and Key Issues in Medicaid Expansion Waivers
- A Look at the Private Option in Arkansas
- Medicaid Premium Assistance Programs: What Information is Available About Benefit and Cost-Sharing Wrap-Around Coverage?
- Medicaid Expansion in Arkansas
- Medicaid Expansion in Indiana
- Medicaid Expansion in Iowa
- Medicaid Expansion in Michigan
- Medicaid Expansion in Montana
- Medicaid Expansion in New Hampshire
- Medicaid Expansion in Pennsylvania: Transition from Waiver to Traditional Coverage
- Proposed Medicaid Expansion in Tennessee
- Proposed Medicaid Expansion in Utah
This slide shows the current status of state decisions to use Section 1115 waivers to expand Medicaid. A total of 31 states including DC have adopted the ACA Medicaid expansion, including 6 states with ACA 1115 ACA expansion waivers. AZ has a pending waiver application that seeks changes to its expansion. MT and NH’s waivers will take effect on 1/1/16. PA originally expanded through a waiver but subsequently transitioned to a state plan amendment. TN and UT have debated waiver proposals which have not been approved by their state legislatures or submitted to CMS.
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The Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured has been monitoring the development of the Pharmacy Plus waiver initiated by the Bush Administration in 2002 and tracking the states that have pending or approved plans. The Commission has developed some materials describing the initiative, examining the financing mechanism, and discussing…
Oregon Section 1115 Waiver
Utah Section 1115 Waiver Fact Sheet (.pdf)
This brief focuses on one subset of “flexibility” issues: the current federal benefits and cost-sharing rules that apply with respect to long-term care.Issue Paper (.pdf)
An Overview of the Independence Plus Initiative to Promote Consumer-Direction of Services in Medicaid
This issue brief provides an overview of the Independence Plus Initiative, compares core program features with the Cash and Counseling Demonstration program, and discusses several policy issues that arise in the implementation of this initiative.Issue Paper (.pdf)
Florida Medicaid Reform Waiver: Early Findings and Current StatusThis policy brief provides an overview of the Florida Medicaid reform and a summary of available research findings to date from various evaluators of the program. It was issued at the same time as a separate Health Affairs article highlighting findings from…
This background paper examines various aspects of the Medicaid program that can expand access to home and community-based services (HCBS) and rebalance long-term care spending in favor of HCBS. As a result of the long-standing requirement that states cover facility-based care, the majority of Medicaid long-term care (LTC) expenditures historically…
For many years, Section 1115 waivers have been used in the Medicaid program, and to a lesser degree in the Children’s Health Insurance Program, to provide states an avenue to test and implement coverage approaches that do not meet federal program rules. While these waivers have facilitated important program evolutions…
Premium assistance programs use federal and state Medicaid and State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) funds to purchase private coverage. Overall, few states have premium assistance programs, but interest in premium assistance remains high. This brief examines six state premium assistance programs (in Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Oregon, Utah, and Virginia)…