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Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Medicaid plays a key role in efforts to reduce the number of uninsured by expanding eligibility to nearly all low income adults with incomes at or below 138 percent of the federal poverty level ($16,242 per year for an individual in 2015) with 100 percent  federal financing for the first three years, gradually decreasing to 90 percent. However, the 2012 Supreme Court ruling on the ACA’s constitutionality effectively made the expansion a state option. As of July 2016, 32 states including DC have adopted the expansion, and nearly all are implementing it as set forth by the law. A limited number of states have obtained or are seeking approval through Section 1115 waivers to implement the expansion in ways that extend beyond the flexibility provided by the law.  In some cases, these alternative models to implement the expansion are seen as a politically viable way to extend coverage and capture enhanced federal matching funds for newly eligible adults.  This page highlights some key resources examining ACA Medicaid expansion waivers and, farther down, also provides the standard search result page for a site-wide search on the “waivers” tag.
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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Federal Medicaid Waiver Financing:  Issues for California

Federal Medicaid Waiver Financing: Issues for CaliforniaThis issue brief focuses on the potential fiscal implications of a section 1115 Medicaid waiver for California.Report (.pdf)

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Tennessee’s New “Medically Necessary” Standard:  Uncovering the Insured?

Tennessee's New “Medically Necessary” Standard: Uncovering the Insured?This policy brief describes a new standard passed by Tennessee’s legislature for determining whether an item or service is “medically necessary” under the state’s Medicaid program, TennCare. The brief concludes with some questions regarding the implications of the new standard for the populations…

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Can States Stretch the Medicaid Dollar Without Passing the Buck? Lessons from Utah

With the enactment of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, states have gained increased flexibility over benefits and cost sharing for certain currently eligible Medicaid populations without having to obtain a waiver of Medicaid rules. New findings from the Kaiser Family Foundation's 2004 survey of the experiences of Medicaid beneficiaries…

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

KYHealth Choices Medicaid Reform: Key Program Changes and Questions

This fact sheet summarizes the key changes Kentucky has approved for its Medicaid program as a result of the new flexibility available through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. Kentucky uses new options related to benefits, cost sharing and long-term care.Fact Sheet (.pdf)

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Family Coverage Under SCHIP Waivers

Currently, eleven states cover parents with SCHIP funds via a federal waiver. This paper examines these programs and considers them within the context of the states' efforts to cover children. Issue Brief (.pdf)

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Pharmacy Plus Waivers: Trade Offs Between Expanding Rx Coverage and Global Caps in Medicaid

The Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured has been monitoring the development of the Pharmacy Plus waiver initiated by the Bush Administration in 2002 and tracking the states that have pending or approved plans. The Commission has developed some materials describing the initiative, examining the financing mechanism, and discussing…

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Utah Section 1115 Waiver – UPDATE

Utah Section 1115 Waiver Fact Sheet (.pdf)

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Oregon Section 1115 Waiver – UPDATE

Oregon Section 1115 Waiver

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Medicaid as a Long-Term Care Program: Current Benefits and Flexibility

This brief focuses on one subset of “flexibility” issues: the current federal benefits and cost-sharing rules that apply with respect to long-term care.Issue Paper (.pdf)

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

An Overview of the Independence Plus Initiative to Promote Consumer-Direction of Services in Medicaid

This issue brief provides an overview of the Independence Plus Initiative, compares core program features with the Cash and Counseling Demonstration program, and discusses several policy issues that arise in the implementation of this initiative.Issue Paper (.pdf)

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Headquarters: 2400 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 | Phone 650-854-9400
Washington Offices and Barbara Jordan Conference Center: 1330 G Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005 | Phone 202-347-5270

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in Menlo Park, California.