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A Historical Review of How States Have Responded to the Availability of Federal Funds for Health Coverage

This historical review finds that the availability of federal funds has served as an effective incentive for states to provide health coverage to meet the health and long-term care needs of their low-income residents despite state budget pressures. The brief examines the history of earlier experiences and provides important context for how states may respond as they weigh the costs and benefits of expanding their Medicaid programs in 2014 as called for under the Affordable Care Act.

Coverage of Preventive Services for Adults in Medicaid

This brief highlights data from a survey of coverage of 42 recommended preventive services for adults in Medicaid fee-for-service programs as of October 2010. Medicaid programs must cover preventive services for children as part of the Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) benefit, but generally are not required to…

Where are States Today? Medicaid and CHIP Eligibility Levels for Children and Non-Disabled Adults as of April 1, 2014

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) creates new coverage options through Medicaid and new health insurance exchange marketplaces that, taken together, provide assistance to individuals with family incomes up to 400% of the federal poverty level (FPL). The ACA calls for the expansion of Medicaid eligibility to 138% FPL ($15,856 for an individual or $26,951 for a family of three in 2013) in 2014, which would make millions of adults newly eligible for the program. However, this expansion was effectively made a state option by the Supreme Court. If a state does not expand Medicaid, low-income uninsured adults in that state will not gain that new coverage option and will likely remain uninsured. This brief provides an overview of current Medicaid and CHIP eligibility levels for non-disabled children and adults to provide better insight into the impact of the Medicaid expansion.

Low Medicaid Spending Growth Amid Rebounding State Revenues:  Results From a 50-State Medicaid Budget Survey State Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007

Low Medicaid Spending Growth Amid Rebounding State Revenues: Results From a 50-State Medicaid Budget Survey State Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007 The 50-state annual survey about budget conditions and Medicaid cost containment actions in FY2006-07 finds an improved economy combined with the implementation of the new Medicare prescription drug benefit…

How Competitive Are State Health Insurance Markets?

Beginning in 2014, state-based health insurance exchanges will be created to facilitate coverage and choice, with the hope that enhanced competition among insurers will help to moderate premiums for individuals and small groups. This analysis by the Foundation assesses the competitiveness of state insurance markets for individuals and small businesses…

Hoping for Economic Recovery, Preparing for Health Reform: A Look at Medicaid Spending, Coverage and Policy Trends — Results from a 50-State Medicaid Budget Survey for State Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011

This annual 50-state survey finds that number of states experienced rapid growth in their Medicaid enrollment and spending last year and expect additional growth, though at a slower pace, in fiscal year 2011. In the survey of Medicaid officials, states reported an average increase in Medicaid spending of 8.8 percent…

Establishing Health Insurance Marketplaces: An Overview of State Efforts

Figure 1: State Decisions for Creating Health Insurance Marketplaces State-based health insurance marketplaces, or exchanges, are a key component of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and the places where individuals and small businesses will be able to shop for coverage. States can build a fully state-based…

Medicaid’s Role for Black Americans

This fact sheet examines Medicaid’s role for black Americans. It includes data on Medicaid’s coverage of black Americans and the program’s impact on their access to care, as well as the impacts of the recent recession and the coming expansion of Medicaid under health reform on enrollment in Medicaid among…