Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stated that President Obamaâ€™s “new global health initiative will be a crucial component of American foreign policy and a signature element of smart power.”
The Kaiser Family Foundation’s Policy Tracker provides a single reference point for the latest information on Congressional and Administrative action on global health, including the status of key legislation, policies and programs, government reports, hearings, events, and other resources. Links to supporting materials, such as full bill texts, Member statements, and Congressional committee information, are also provided. RSS feeds are available. A related Budget Tracker provides updated information throughout the budget and appropriations process.
Among other things, the bill authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to contribute $468 million to the African Development Fund for the 11th replenishment of resources and an additional $26 million “to the African Development Fund for the purpose of funding debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative.” The bill also directs the Secretary of the Treasury to “seek to ensure that each multilateral development bank discloses to member countries the operating budget of the bank, including expenses for staff, consultants, travel, and facilities.”
President Obama announced a new Global Health Initiative and his request of Congress to approve $8.6 billion in FY 2010 and $63 billion over six years to support this effort. The President stated that the initiative will continue to support and build upon efforts to address AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis initiated by the previous administration, but it will also “do more to improve health systems around the world, focus our efforts on child and maternal health, and ensure that best practices drive the funding for these programs.”
Among other things, the bill authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to contribute $3.7 billion to the International Development Association for the 15th replenishment of resources and an additional $356 million “to the International Development Association for the purpose of funding debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative.” The bill also directs the Secretary of the Treasury to “seek to ensure that multilateral development banks rigorously evaluate the development impact of selected bank projects, programs, and financing operations.” Finally, the bill requires the Secretary of the Treasury to conduct a study in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, and other Federal agencies “on the respective roles each agency plays in the formulation of United States policy concerning the development policy, programs, and activities of the World Bank Group.”
Representative Obey submitted an FY 2009 supplemental appropriations bill totaling “$94.2 billion, $9.3 billion above the White House request.” The supplemental bill included $10.4 billion for international affairs and $500 million for food assistance, $100 million for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and $2 billion for pandemic flu response ($200 million for global pandemic efforts).
Among other things, the resolution expresses support for achieving the target of ending malaria deaths by 2015, reaffirms the U.S. commitment to combat malaria, and urges improved coordination among U.S. and other international health programs.
The State Department released a fact sheet titled “American ‘Smart Power': Diplomacy and Development Are the Vanguard” summarizing U.S. foreign policy goals and the tools available to address a wide range of challenges abroad including food security and pandemic disease.
The report provides an analysis of challenges (funding, resources, coordination, etc.) that hinder the effectiveness of U.S. global health policy. The report also details several opportunities (existing programs, scientific knowledge, etc.) that can be siezed upon to improve the effectiveness of U.S. global health policy.
In his weekly address, President Obama summarized recent U.S. government actions to address the H1N1 flu virus.
During a speech at the Plenary Session of the Foreign Affairs Day, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton discussed some of the priorities for the State Department and USAID including agricultural productivity and a reduction on USAID contracting. More specifically, Secretary Clinton stated that she wants “to move more of AID’s work back inside AID instead of having it out with contractors because we are wasting an enormous amount of money. Fifty cents on the dollar doesnâ€™t even get into the pipeline to actually be delivered. We only have four engineers in all of USAID now. And I think itâ€™s important that we get back to the United States Government providing these services.”