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Medicaid Update: Expenditures and Beneficiaries in 1994

Table 1Medicaid Beneficiaries by Group, 1988-1994 United States
Beneficiaries (thousands) Average Annual Growth (%) Beneficiary Group 1988 1990 1992 1993 1994 1988-1994 1988-90 1990-92 1992-94 1988-94
All Beneficiaries 22,014 24,066 29,811 32,441 34,183 7.6 4.6 11.3 7.1 9.2

Cash Assistance 15,945 16,144 18,460 19,475 19,847 3.7 0.6 6.9 3.7 4.5

Other Beneficiaries 6,068 7,922 11,351 12,966 14,336 15.4 14.3 19.7 12.4 18.8
Elderly 3,130 3,167 3,547 3,680 3,828 3.4 0.6 5.8 3.9 4.1

Cash Assistance 1,664 1,532 1,573 1,564 1,574 -0.9 -4.1 1.3 0.0 -1.1

Other Beneficiaries 1,466 1,635 1,974 2,116 2,254 7.4 5.6 9.9 6.8 9.0
Blind and Disabled 3,443 3,717 4,471 4,991 5,381 7.7 3.9 9.7 9.7 9.3

Cash Assistance 2,753 2,966 3,517 3,906 4,223 7.4 3.8 8.9 9.6 8.9

Other Beneficiaries 690 750 954 1,085 1,159 9.0 4.3 12.8 10.2 10.9
Adults 5,081 5,696 6,982 7,451 7,860 7.5 5.9 10.7 6.1 9.1

Cash Assistance 3,867 3,865 4,379 4,568 4,571 2.8 0.0 6.4 2.2 3.4

Other Beneficiaries 1,214 1,831 2,603 2,884 3,288 18.1 22.8 19.2 12.4 22.0
Children 10,360 11,486 14,811 16,319 17,115 8.7 5.3 13.6 7.5 10.6

Cash Assistance 7,662 7,781 8,992 9,437 9,479 3.6 0.8 7.5 2.7 4.3

Other Beneficiaries 2,698 3,706 5,820 6,882 7,635 18.9 17.2 25.3 14.5 23.1
Source: Urban Institute calculations based on HCFA 2082 data. Does not include the US Territories. Totals may not add due to rounding. “Cash” refers to beneficiary groups who receive AFDC or SSI. “Other” groups (non-cash, poverty-related) include the medically needy, poverty-related expansion groups, and 1115 waiver eligibles (where identifiable). Beneficiaries are defined as individuals enrolled in the Medicaid program who actually receive medical services.