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Statewide Surveys of Californians on Public Attitudes Toward the Single Payer Ballot Initiatives (Proposition 186) – Report

Table 1: Reasons That Californians Voted Against Proposition 186

Responses of those
who voted against
Prop.186 There would be too much government involvement in your health care 57% The quality of medical care available to your family would decline 15% The total cost of health care would go up for your family 14% You would have fewer choices when it comes to doctors and the medical care you would receive 9% Other (vol.) 5%
Source: Kaiser/Harvard Survey 1994

Table 2: Reasons That Californians Voted For Proposition 186

Responses of those
who voted for
Prop.186 If it is enacted, everyone in the state will have health insurance 39% The health care system would be fairer 16% It would eliminate the role of insurance companies 15% The health care system is broken and we have to do something big to fix it 14% The total cost of health care for your family would go down 7% Other (vol.) 9%
Source: Kaiser/Harvard Survey 1994

Table 3: Expectations If California Government Rather Than Private Companies Ran The Health Insurance System
Among Californians who said they were certain to vote
Degree of government involvement will be…

Too much About right Too little Don’t know July 1994 62% 26% 6% 6% October 1994 57% 29% 6% 8%
Amount of money you pay for medical care will…

Increase Stay same Decrease Don’t know July 1994 51% 24% 20% 5% October 1994 46% 24% 21% 9%
You and your family will be…

Worse off Not much effect Better off Don’t know July 1994 37% 24% 25% 15% October 1994 38% 21% 29% 12%
Number of choices of doctors and hospitals you have…

Fewer Same More Don’t know July 1994 48% 31% 17% 3% October 1994 38% 30% 25% 6%
Quality of medical care available to you will…

Decline Stay same Improve Don’t know July 1994 45% 36% 15% 4% October 1994 37% 36% 19% 7%
Source: Kaiser/Harvard California Surveys 1994

Table 4: Groups Of California Voters Who Most Favored And Most Opposed Proposition 186
Groups most in favor Groups most opposed Hispanics 64% for Republicans (self-identified) 95% against 18-29 year-olds 62%
Voted for Republican in U.S. House race 92%
Uninsured 58%
50-64 year-olds 86%
Voted for Democrat in U.S. House race 56%
Conservatives 82%
NPR listeners 55%
More than $50,000 household income 82%
Democrats (self-identified) 54%
Business people 80%
Liberals 52%
Rush Limbaugh listeners 78%

Source: Kaiser/Harvard Survey 1994

Table 5: Reasons That Californians Voted For Proposition 187

Responses of those
who voted for
Prop.187 Illegal immigrants use services that cost legal residents too much money 61% We have to do something to stop the flow of illegal immigrants into our country 27% Illegal immigrants take jobs away from legal residents 10% Other (vol.) 1%
Source: Kaiser/Harvard Survey 1994

Table 6: Reasons That Californians Voted Against Proposition 187

Responses of those
who voted against
Prop.187 It would have been unfair 38% If the children of illegal immigrants can’t go to public schools, there will be more kids on the street who might take drugs or commit crimes 25% It would have a negative impact on California’s economy 14% If illegal immigrants don’t have access to health care, it could cause public health problems for the community 10% Other (vol.) 13%
Source: Kaiser/Harvard Survey 1994

Table 7: Groups Of Californis Voters Who Most Favored And Most Opposed Proposition 187
Groups most in favor Groups most opposed Voted for Republican in U.S. House 83% for Hispanics 94% against More than $50,000 household income 79%
Liberals 85%
Conservatives 76%
Less than $20,000 household income 78%
Republican (self-identification) 73%
Voted for Democrat in U.S. House 72%
Rush Limbaugh listeners 72%
Democrat (self-identified) 71%
30-49 year-olds 67%
NPR listeners 63%
Men 67%
Women 56%
Business people 64%
Independents (self-identified) 64%

Source: Kaiser/Harvard Survey 1994

Table 8: Groups Of California Voters Who Most Favored And Most Opposed Proposition 188
Groups most in favor Groups most opposed Hispanics 53% for Health-care related job in household 77% against Less than high school graduate 48%
Liberals 73%
Talk radio listeners 46%
Democrats (self-identified) 73%
Rush Limbaugh listeners 46%
18-29 year-olds 69%
Less than $20,000 household income 44%
Women 68%
Republicans (self-identified) 43%
Men 40%

Source: Kaiser/Harvard Survey 1994

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Statewide Surveys of Californians:
Press Release Survey