After more than a decade of development, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has started clinical trials to test a vaccine to protect against the dengue virus, a product researchers hope may one day “help prevent a disease to which 2.5 billion people are exposed,” CIDRAP News reports (Roos, 8/9).
Two studies published online Thursday in the Lancet show that the rotavirus vaccine is safe and effective at preventing much of the gastrointestinal illness in developing countries, where it kills more than 400,000 children annually, Reuters reports. Based on the findings in Africa and Asia, the studies’ authors “urged the governments of developing nations to make the vaccines a priority,” the news service writes.
Also In Global Health News: Kenya Approves Constitution; Angola Vaccinates Against Polio; Misoprostol In Kenya; Preventing HIV In IDUs
Kenya Approves Constitution In Peaceful Election “Kenyans voted in favour of a new constitution in a peaceful referendum that could reshape the political landscape of east Africa’s largest economy, partial results showed on Thursday,” Reuters writes. The new constitution “addresses the corruption, political patronage, land-grabbing and tribalism which have plagued…
Lancet Comment Calls For More Research Into Alcohol Use, HIV According to a Lancet Comment, “alcohol remains conspicuously absent from the larger field of research and programming in HIV and substance use. … Patterns of hazardous alcohol consumption prevail in countries with the most severe HIV epidemics, notably eastern and…
Also In Global Health News: Meningitis Vaccine; Women And HIV/AIDS Response; Rain Hits West Africa; AIDS 2010
New Meningitis Vaccine Scheduled For ‘Mass Campaign’ In October The WHO “recently gave approval to a new meningitis vaccine that is expected to cost only 50 cents a dose, a price many African governments and donors can afford,”Â the New York TimesÂ reports. The vaccine is produced by the Serum Institute of…
Also In Global Health News: Sanitation In Burkina Faso; Faith-Based Organizations And HIV/AIDS; Conditional Cash Transfer Programs
Burkina Faso Boosts Sanitation Investment To Meet MDG Burkina Faso will build 55,000 latrines each year to “improve access to proper sanitation for the population from the present 10 percent to 54 percent by 2015,” Inter Press ServiceÂ reports.Â The health ministry highlighted that lack of access to toilets “leads to illness,…
“Eastern Africa is free of polio again, with four countries â€“ Ethiopia , Kenya, Sudan and Uganda â€“ having reported no cases of the crippling disease for more than a year, U.N. and other aid agencies said on Friday,” Reuters reports (7/30). The WHO “said the region had responded fast to the outbreak,” according to the Daily Monitor. The article reports that the four countries now “join neighbouring Somalia which has been polio free for the last three years” (Lirri, 8/2).
Media outlets continued to reflect on news from the International AIDS Conference-AIDS 2010, which attracted over 19,000 participants from 193 countries to Vienna last week, according to the conference blog.
This year “India has reported the lowest number of polio cases in [the] January-June period … in a decade,” PTI/ZeeTV reports. Twenty-four cases were detected between January and June this year, compared to 151 in the corresponding 2009 period, and 317 in January-June 2008 (7/29).
Also In Global Health News: House Passes Bill Including Haiti Relief; Kenya Adopts Safer ARVs; Florida At Risk Of Dengue Outbreak; Merck, Sinopharm Form Joint Venture On Vaccines
House Passes War Supplemental Spending Bill; Includes Fund For Haiti The House on Tuesday passed a $59 billion war supplemental spending bill by a vote of 308-114,Â which will now beÂ sent to President Barack Obama “for his signature,” CongressDaily reports (Sanchez, 7/28). The bill includes “$2.8 billion for relief efforts in…