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IPS Examines Water, Sanitation MDG Targets

Inter Press Service looks at the U.N. Human Rights Council’s (HRC) endorsement of “water and sanitation as a basic human right” last week, and the “reality” that “water and sanitation have remained two of the most neglected sub-texts of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which came under scrutiny at the MDG summit” in September.

Financing HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment Could Cost $400B-$700B Over 20 Years

A new report published by the Results for Development Institute in the Lancet “has offered governments and donors a glimpse into the future of HIV epidemics – and what it will cost to prevent and treat them. Researchers warn of hard choices ahead and a need for some countries to take more responsibility for their national programmes, IRIN/PlusNews reports. Study authors present their “cheapest” and “ideal” scenarios for HIV funding in the future, according to IRIN/PlusNews.

U.N. Secretary-General Urges Funding For GAVI During Replenishment Meeting

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has “urged more funding” for the GAVI Alliance, to help achieve its childhood vaccine targets and the related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), TopNews reports. “Let us commit to improving health for children, women and men everywhere,” Ban said Wednesday at a GAVI replenishment meeting in New York (Mukherjee, 10/7).

Dengue Fever Spreads In Asia, WHO Warns 2.5B People At Risk

The World Health Organization (WHO) “has warned that 2.5 billion people are at risk” of dengue fever, “which has ‘grown dramatically in recent decades,” Agence France-Presse reports. WHO officials cite higher temperatures, growing populations and international travel for the “rapid rise in urban mosquito populations” and rise in dengue. Seventy percent of the at-risk population is in Asia, the WHO said.

Twenty-Two Countries Face ‘Protracted Crises,’ Increased Likelihood Of Food Insecurity, U.N. Report Says

Twenty-two countries “are facing enormous challenges like repeated food crises and an extremely high prevalence of hunger due to a combination of natural disasters, conflict and weak institutions,” the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) and the World Food Program said in the State of Food Insecurity in the World 2010 report (.pdf) on Wedensday, Xinhua News reports.

Also In Global Health News: Tentative ARV Approval Under PEPFAR; 50 Years Of Peace Corps; Clean Water In Zimbabwe; Development In Southern Sudan

Matrix Laboratories Recieves Tentative FDA Approval To Provide Generic ARV Under PEPFAR Pharmaceutical company Mylan announced on Tuesday that its “subsidiary Matrix Laboratories Ltd. has received tentative government approval for atazanavir sulfate capsules, an AIDS treatment that will be available in some developing countries,” Pittsburgh Business Times reports. “Atazanavir sulfate capsules…

Miller-McCune Examines Impact Of Limited Access To Schistosomiasis Drug In Africa

Miller-McCune examines the limited access populations living in Africa have to the schistosomiasis drug praziquantel – “the only commercially available treatment for the disease.” Schistosomiasis “kills about 300,000 people and afflicts more than 200 million yearly with chronic and severe anemia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, infertility and bladder cancer,” the magazine writes, adding that the disease is “[e]specially prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, [where] by some estimates, nearly 800 million people are at risk of infection.”

U.N. Calls For Increased Efforts To Reduce Urban Poverty, Improve City Living Conditions

The U.N. marked World Habitat Day Monday with a call for governments worldwide to do more to reduce urban poverty and improve the living conditions populations in cities around the world face, Kenya Broadcasting Corporation reports. “Creating better cities demands the combined efforts of national and local governments, civil society and the private sector, supported by the best efforts of the United Nations system,” U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in a statement released to mark World Habitat Day.

Also In Global Health News: U.S. Rice Exports To Haiti; Somali Ambulance Workers; HIV In Kenya; Gates Foundation Global Health Work; U.N.’s Congo Mission; U.S. Involvement In Unethical Medical Research

U.S. Should Stop Subsidizing Rice Exports To Haiti, Oxfam Says In a new report, aid agency Oxfam “has called on the United States to stop subsidising American rice exports to Haiti, the poorest country in the western hemisphere, because it says the policy undermines local production of food,” BBC reports.…