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Also In Global Health News: Ebola Drug Study; Niger Hunger Crisis; WHO’s Breastfeeding Guidelines For HIV-Positive Mothers; Slowing India’s Birth Rate; Food Aid In Somalia; Transaction Tax

Treatment Administered To Monkeys Within Hour Of Ebola Infection Found To Be 60% Effective, Study Finds  “A treatment administered to rhesus monkeys within an hour of being infected by the deadliest strain of Ebola was 60 percent effective, and a companion drug was 100-percent effective in shielding cynomolgus monkeys against Ebola’s cousin, the…

WHO Calls On Countries To Prevent, Control Spread Of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

Amid the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance, the WHO on Friday urged countries to take greater action to limit the spread of drug-resistant bacteria, CIDRAP News reports. “Calling such pathogens ‘a growing and global public health problem,’ the WHO said, ‘Countries should be prepared to implement hospital infection control measures to limit the spread of multi-drug resistant strains and to reinforce national policy on prudent use of antibiotics, reducing the generation of antibiotic resistant bacteria,'” according to the news service (Roos, 8/20).

As Flood Waters Spread, International Aid For Pakistan Tops $800M, Foreign Minister Says

International donors have pledged more than $800 million to help Pakistan deal with severe flooding after the U.N. appealed for $460 million in aid, Shah Mahmood Qureshi, the country’s foreign minister, said on Sunday, the Associated Press reports. “The total commitments and pledges that Pakistan has got so far are $815.58 million,” Qureshi told reporters in Islamabad. “In these circumstances, when the West and Europe and America are going through a recession … this kind of solidarity for Pakistan, I think, is very encouraging,” he said (Khan, 8/22).

Clinical Trials In Asia, Africa Confirm Safety, Effectiveness Of Rotavirus Vaccine

Two studies published online Thursday in the Lancet show that the rotavirus vaccine is safe and effective at preventing much of the gastrointestinal illness in developing countries, where it kills more than 400,000 children annually, Reuters reports. Based on the findings in Africa and Asia, the studies’ authors “urged the governments of developing nations to make the vaccines a priority,” the news service writes.

Recent Releases In Global Health

Lancet Comment Calls For More Research Into Alcohol Use, HIV According to a Lancet Comment, “alcohol remains conspicuously absent from the larger field of research and programming in HIV and substance use. … Patterns of hazardous alcohol consumption prevail in countries with the most severe HIV epidemics, notably eastern and…

Boston Globe Examines Rise Of Polio In Tajikistan, Other Pockets Of World

“Polio has reappeared in a corner of the world that had not seen cases in years – Tajikistan, the former Soviet republic – a chilling setback in the two-decade campaign to purge a dreaded cause of childhood paralysis from the planet,” the Boston Globe reports in a story that examines the reemergence of polio in other areas of the world.

Concern About Slow Pace Of Aid For Pakistan Mounts As U.N. Secures Additional Funds

U.N. officials and aid groups “expressed alarm on Tuesday that the plight of millions of Pakistanis flooded from their land has yet to strike a sufficiently sympathetic nerve among donors – neither governments nor the general public – with aid trickling in far more slowly than needed,” the New York Times reports.

BBC Reports On Efforts To Broaden Access To Childhood Vaccines

The BBC reports on discussions about childhood immunization at the International Pediatric Association (IPA) meeting last week in Johannesburg, South Africa. “Vaccines are a key plank in meeting Millennium Development Goal 4 – to reduce child mortality by two thirds by 2015 – and many sessions at the congress were devoted to them,” the news service writes.

Media Examine Floods’ Impact In Pakistan

News outlets reported on the effects of major flooding in Pakistan and described the situation on the ground.

“The worst floods in Pakistan’s history already have swept through the nation’s most important breadbasket provinces, destroying cotton and corn crops … leaving many people in need of emergency food. Now experts warn that the food crisis could expand into a long-term problem if farmers can’t get the seeds, draft animals and irrigation repairs they need for the fall planting of wheat, the nation’s most important crop,” McClatchy/Miami Herald reports in a story examining the flood’s impact on the country’s food security.

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