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AAAS Meeting Examines Test-And-Treat Model’s Potential For Fighting HIV Spread, TB Co-Infection

Researchers speaking at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting on Saturday discussed how a strategy to promote universal voluntary HIV tests and early antiretroviral treatment for patients living in high-risk areas might “derail the spread of [HIV/]AIDS, a battle where a successful vaccine remains elusive,” the Associated Press/Washington Post reports. “Called ‘test-and-treat,’ the goal is to catch new [HIV] cases early and administer therapy to reduce the amount of virus in patients’ systems in an effort to prevent them from spreading the illness,” the news service writes.

Global Rules Barring TB Patients From Flying Are Too Stringent, Study Says

A “controversial” study, released on Sunday, “suggests international rules that bar potentially infectious tuberculosis patients from flying are too stringent and airline passengers are really at little risk from catching TB from a fellow traveler,” the Associated Press/Washington Post reports. The paper is being published in the March edition of Lancet Infectious Diseases (Stobbe, 2/21).

Also In Global Health News: Parasite, Bacteria Survival Discovery; Polio Vaccine Campaign; Sanitary Kits In Kenya; Sierra Leone Maternal Mortality; Egypt’s Health Care; Kenya ARVs

Discovery Of Chemical Reaction Process Could Lead To New Malaria, TB Treatments Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign say that a recent finding could help develop new treatments to fight diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis, KWMU reports (LaCapra, 2/15). The researchers “say they’ve discovered an unusual chemical…

Recent Releases In Global Health

Lancet Comment Examines Interconnectedness Of Global Health, Public Health “Global health and public health are indistinguishable,” according to a Lancet Comment that examines the interconnectedness of the fields. “Yet global health is still often perceived as international aid, technologies, and interventions flowing from the wealthier countries of the global north…

CQ Examines Concerns Over Obama’s FY2011 Global Health Budget

Congressional Quarterly examines concerns among health advocates and international development experts about what President Obama’s FY 2011 budget request might mean to U.S. commitments to particular diseases abroad, such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.

G7 Forgives Haiti’s Bilateral Loans To Support Aid Effort

At a press conference on Saturday, “Canadian Finance Minister Jim Flaherty said he and his G-7 colleagues would forgive bilateral loans extended to poverty-stricken Haiti, which estimates it could have lost 200,000 residents in the major earthquake that hit last month,” Dow Jones Newswires reports. Flaherty also said Haiti’s multilateral debt should be nullified as soon as possible (Thiruvengadam, 2/6).

Also In Global Health News: Ethiopia Food Aid; Sudan Genocide Charges; MDR-TB Drugs

Ethiopia Appeals For More Food Aid “Ethiopia needs emergency aid to feed 5.2 million people this year, the government said, appealing for 642,983 metric tons of food from foreign donors,” Bloomberg/Businessweek reports, adding that the number of people in need of assistance is higher than last year (McLure, 2/4). The…

Experimental Vaccine Reduced TB Rate Among HIV-Positive People In Tanzania, Study Finds

An experimental vaccine was found to reduce the rate of tuberculosis infections in patients living with HIV, “the first time a shot has been shown to reduce cases of the most common AIDS-related cause of death in poor nations,” Bloomberg reports (Bennett, 1/29). Tuberculosis accounts for up to one-third of AIDS deaths worldwide, CBC News reports.

WHO Director-General Highlights Global Health Gains, Challenges At Executive Board Meeting

During the WHO’s recent executive board meeting, WHO Director-General Margaret Chan reflected on public health gains over the past decade and the challenges that lie ahead, Nigeria’s Guardian reports. Chan commended the international community’s response to H1N1 and global efforts to reduce child mortality, fight malaria and tuberculosis.

Aid Begins Flowing Into Haiti, Up To 3M May Be Affected

“Aid started flowing into Haiti Wednesday in the wake of the earthquake that slammed the impoverished nation late Tuesday afternoon,” CNN reports. “One of two [U.S] military cargo planes carrying a 30-man assessment team arrived at Port-au-Prince airport Wednesday evening to assess Haiti’s needs.” The article outlines aid groups’ strategy for coordinating efforts and also lists countries’ contributions to relief efforts (1/14).