In its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, the CDC describes “global public health achievements â€¦ that occurred outside of the United States during 2001-2010.” Gains in public health efforts, such as preventing child mortality, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases, have improved longevity and “resulted from improved living conditions overall, advances in medical science, and a number of population-level interventions. However, major disparities persist. During the past decade, in low-income countries, average life expectancy at birth increased from 55 to 57 years (3.6%), while increasing from 78 to 80 years (2.6%) in high-income countries,” the article notes (6/24).
John Campbell, a senior fellow for Africa Policy Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, writes about “HeroRATs” in this CFR blog post. The giant pouched rat, a species native to Africa, can be trained to detect landmines and tuberculosis in laboratory samples, Campbell notes, adding, “HeroRATs are an innovative…
“Access to treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) remains compromised, especially in developing countries, because too few pharmaceutical companies manufacture quality-assured drugs,” Inter Press Service reports in an article examining how a lack of competition and a working mechanism to keep prices low “has led to skyrocketing prices.”
Pakistan has one of the highest rates of tuberculosis in the world, with nearly 70,000 TB-related deaths each year, Al-Jazeera English reports.
Researchers and “advocates for all vaccine research today launched yet another effort to increase funding and coordination,” ScienceInsider reports.
The GHI recently released its Guidance for Global Health Initiative Country Strategies. The guidance “defines and clarifies expectations about the GHI strategy,” “sets forth the parameters and content of a GHI strategy,” “provides guidance on how the field will structure itself to deliver on a key tenet of GHIâ€”adopting a…
Ahead of the U.N. High Level Meeting on AIDS, the Stop TB Partnership released five guidelines aimed at preventing tuberculosis, which results in one in four AIDS-related deaths, the U.N. News Centre writes.
In a New England Journal of Medicine opinion piece, Peter Hotez of the Sabin Vaccine Institute and colleagues, including Jeffrey Sachs of the Earth Institute of Columbia University, outline how integrating treatment of neglected tropical diseases (NTD) into HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria control efforts could speed up progress toward attaining the sixth Millennium Development Goal.
The May 26 issue of Nature explores vaccines, which the journal says “are responsible for some of the world’s greatest public health triumphs.” Though new vaccines for deadly diseases have been developed in the past 10 years, and more are in development, “funding is tight, and unfounded doubts about the safety of vaccines persist.” The issue features stories on polio, measles, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, as well as issues surrounding vaccine rejection and hysteria about risk (5/26).
IRIN examines tuberculosis among health care workers in Kenya, where “[s]afety equipment â€“ including protective masks and proper waste disposal facilities â€“ are rarely available in rural centres, something health workers say must be addressed urgently.”