Nature News reports on an immunization campaign kicking off in Africa in December that will offer protection to some areas of Africa’s meningitis belt. “Millions will receive a new vaccine, MenAfriVac, that promises protection against the meningococcal bacterium Neisseria meningitides,” the news service writes, noting the effort “is the culmination of ten years’ work by an international consortium to develop a vaccine at a price low enough for massive use in Africa: just US$0.40 a dose.”
Private Sector Involvement
“The world’s biggest rich and emerging powers escalated a war of words over trade and currencies Thursday, as leaders opened a G20 summit [in Seoul, South Korea] struggling to iron out distortions that threaten global growth,” Agence France-Presse reports in an article examining some of the major disputes (Chan-Kyong, 11/11).
“Just a small percentage of low- and middle-income countries’ healthcare budgets are allocated toward the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases even though such illnesses are expected to account for 69% of global deaths by 2030,” according to a paper published Wednesday in the Lancet, as part of a series on chronic disease and development, ModernHealthcare.com reports.
Also In Global Health News: Male Circumcisions In Zimbabwe; Ruling On China’s First HIV Discrimination Case; Business And Global Health; HIV/AIDS In Africa
USAID-Backed ProgramÂ Facilitates Male CircumcisionsÂ In Zimbabwe The Canadian Press reports on how a USAID-backed program operating in Zimbabwe is helpingÂ provide male circumcision services. Despite what the article describes as tension between Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and the U.S., the “program, begun in May 2009, has carried out 12,000 circumcisions. The U.S.…
A study that included nearly 2,500 HIV-negative men and transgender women who have sex with men has shown that a daily dose of Truvada, a pill containing the AIDS drugs emtricitabine and tenofovir, “can reduce risk of contracting [HIV] by an average of 44% â€“ and by more than 70% if the subjects” follow the regimen closely, Los Angeles Times reports (Maugh, 11/23).
American Public Media’s “Marketplace” reports on the Asia Pacific Conference on Tobacco or Health, where experts from 41 countries discussed how the tobacco industry has “been been targeting developing countries more and more” (10/7).
A new report published by the Results for Development Institute in the Lancet “has offered governments and donors a glimpse into the future of HIV epidemics â€“ and what it will cost to prevent and treat them. Researchers warn of hard choices ahead and a need for some countries to take more responsibility for their national programmes, IRIN/PlusNews reports. Study authors present their “cheapest” and “ideal” scenarios for HIV funding in the future, according to IRIN/PlusNews.
Sec. Of State Clinton, Other Officials Launch Initiative To Provide Mobile Phones To 150M Women In The Developing World
Officials gathered in Washington, D.C. on Thursday to launch mWomen, an initiative aimed at increasing access to mobile phones to further health and development benefits among women in the developing countries, the Telegraph reports (Beaumont, 10/8).
Former U.N. Secretary-General, Gates Foundation CEO, Ethiopian Official Address World Food Prize Conference
In a speech at the World Food Prize conference on Thursday, former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan discussed several topics related to food security and said that discrimination against women is limiting agricultural development in Africa, the Des Moines Register reports.
“A multinational medical response has slowed deaths in a Haitian cholera epidemic that has killed more than 250 people so far, but the outbreak is likely to widen, a senior U.N. official said on Sunday,” Reuters reports. The U.N., Haitian government and aid partners “have launched a major effort to try to contain the epidemic” of more than 3,000 cases in the country so far (Delva, 10/25). The New York Times reports that the death rate, according to the Haitian government, has “declined â€“ from 10.6 percent of known cases three days earlier to 8.2 percent now.”