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Polio: Myanmar Plans Vaccination Campaign After Confirming First New Case In Three Years; India Fights Disease In Rural Areas

UNICEF said that Myanmar is planning a mass polio vaccination campaign of children under age five after the country confirmed its first case of the disease in three years, Agence France-Presse reports (2/21). “A seven-month-old infant was infected with vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) in December,” according to UNICEF’s office in the country, IRIN writes (2/17).

Haiti’s Cholera Outbreak Has Plateaued, Death Rate Remains High In Rural Regions, U.N. Says

The U.N. on Friday said Haiti’s cholera outbreak appears to be waning overall, but high death rates from the virus in rural regions of the country remain a concern, the Associated Press reports. According to figures released by the Haitian government, 231,070 cholera cases and 4,549 deaths from the disease have been reported since the outbreak first emerged in October.

Recent Releases In Global Health

Factors Contributing to Health Of Women Worldwide: The Kaiser Family Foundation features a narrated slide tutorial by epidemiologist Laurel Spielberg on the health issues facing women around the world. The tutorial touches on issues such as economic status and biological, social, and cultural factors that affect women’s health, as well as…

Also In Global Health News: Tanzania, MDGs; Malnutrition In Guatemala; Energy-Efficient Cookstoves; Health Issues Facing Refugees From Ivory Coast; China’s Pollution Problem

Tanzania Unlikely To Reach MDG Targets, Local Organizations Say “Local organizations say that it’s unlikely for Tanzania to achieve targets set under the U.N.’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 because the country is still besieged by pervasive unemployment, high levels of poverty, escalating child mortality and counterproductive rural-urban migration,”…

Obama’s 2012 Budget Proposal Requests Boost For GHI Funding, Slight Core Budget Increases For State, USAID

President Barack Obama “released his budget proposal for fiscal year 2012 on Monday,” the New York Times reports (Calmes, 2/14). The president’s “fiscal 2012 budget allocates $47 billion for the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development, which reflects only a 1 percent increase over 2010 levels for the core budget,” National Journal writes (Sorcher, 2/14).

Pneumococcal Vaccine Officially Rolled Out In Kenya

“Kenya on Monday became the first African country to introduce a routine vaccine against pneumococcal disease, which claims the lives of more than half a million children under five each year,” Deutsche Presse Agentur/The Hindu reports. The GAVI Alliance, which is supporting the vaccine’s roll out, “is aiming to introduce the vaccine to 19 developing countries – including Nicaragua, Guyana, Yemen and Sierra Leone – within a year and hopes to reach more than 40 nations by 2015, depending on funding.”

Recent Releases In Global Health

The Future Of Global Health Journalism: This report for the Kaiser Family Foundation found that shrinking newsroom budgets and the closing of many foreign bureaus are curtailing global health coverage within traditional news media outlets. Advocacy and nongovernmental organizations are increasingly bypassing news outlets and producing their own content, leading to questions…

Also In Global Health News: Humanitarian, Development Aid; North Korea Asks For Food Aid; HIV/AIDS In Afghanistan; Peru’s Dengue Outbreak

Oxfam Report Says Aid Money Being Used To Promote Military, Security Objectives Donor countries “are ‘increasingly concentrating’ both humanitarian and development aid on countries and regions seen to threaten their own immediate security interests, while neglecting other equally insecure, impoverished and conflict-afflicted places,” the humanitarian group Oxfam said in a report…

HIV-Negative Babies Born To HIV-Positive Mothers Have Lower Antibody Levels For Some Infections, Study Finds

“Babies who are exposed to HIV at birth but don’t become infected with the virus have lower levels of antibodies to diseases such as whooping cough, tetanus and pneumococcus,” according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), HealthDay News/U.S. News & World Report (2/8). The findings “might explain in part why uninfected babies born to women with HIV have a higher risk of illness and death early in life,” according to a press release by the Imperial College of London, whose researchers helped lead the study.