Poverty rates in 10 African countries have been halved over the last two decades, while child mortality rates have gone up in six sub-Saharan African countries, according to a report (.pdf) from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and the U.N. Millennium Campaign, which emphasized that progess towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is possible, the Associated Press/St. Petersburg Times reports (Straziuso, 6/22).
Maternal, Newborn and Child Health
Also In Global Health News: Oxfam Appeals For Hunger Aid; Birth Asphyxia Prevention; South Africa HIV Incidence; Arsenic In Bangladesh; Global Health Spending; Kenya Blood Collection
Oxfam Appeals For $10 Million In Hunger Aid For West Africa Oxfam estimates that “more than ten million people across West Africa are facing severe hunger and malnutrition because of drought, poor harvests and rising food prices,”Â Pan African News AgencyÂ reports (6/22). Oxfam has “launched a Â£7m [$10 million] emergency appeal…
The WHO on Friday issued “its first-ever guidance on how to use more than 240 essential medicines for children under 13,” the Associated Press reports. “The data provide information on use, dosage and side effects of medicines as well as warnings about which children should not take them” and possible complications from interactions from drugs taken together, according to the WHO, the news service reports (6/19).
An accountability report, prepared by officials in G8 member countries’ foreign affairs departments, acknowledges that G8 “countries are $10 billion behind the five-year, $50-billion commitment they made at their 2005 summit in Scotland,” the Canadian Press/CTV News reports (6/20).
The U.N. Development Program (UNDP) on Thursday released a report (.pdf) outlining “an eight-pronged strategy it hopes can help poor nations advance sustainable development, considerably reduce poverty and essentially drive the attainment of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the next five years,” BusinessDay reports (Nwachukwu, 6/18).
“The Obama administration has selected eight countries to serve as learning labs for a new global health strategy aimed in part at reducing maternal and child deaths and combatting preventable diseases,” the Wall Street Journal reports. “The move is among the first steps in the administration’s” roll-out of the Global Health Initiative (GHI) and “comes amid mounting concerns about how much support President Barack Obama will win from Congress for a proposed 9% increase in global health spending for fiscal 2011,” the newspaper reports.
Women’s Rights Essential To Improving Maternal Mortality The U.N.’s plan to improve maternal health is lacking “the one element that will make it work. Human rights,” according to blog post on Huffington Post. “Medical causes of maternal deathÂ â€“ hemorrhage, sepsis, hypertension, unsafe abortion, HIV and AIDS â€“ are inextricably linked…
NPR’s Morning Edition examines the Obama administration’s Global Health Initiative (GHI) and efforts to combat HIV/AIDS. The $63 billion dollar “initiative preserves the Bush AIDS relief plan,” known as PEPFAR, and aims “to allow patients to get care at one location rather than having to seek care at different places. For example, family planning at one facility and HIV care at another,” NPR notes.
Maternal, Infant ART Drives Down Mother-To-Child HIV Transmission Through Breast-Feeding, Studies Show
According to two new studies, “giving pregnant and nursing women triple antiretroviral drug therapy, or treating breast-fed infants with an antiretroviral medication, can dramatically cut transmission rates, enabling moms to both breast-feed and to protect nearly all children from infection,” HealthDay News/Bloomberg Businessweek reports (Goodwin, 6/16).
Economist Jeffrey Sachs said Wednesday that the G8 could endanger its credibility if leaders fail to fulfill several “broken multi-billion-dollar pledges” aimed at helping the developing world, Canwest News Service/Vancouver Sun reports.