The May 26 issue of Nature explores vaccines, which the journal says “are responsible for some of the world’s greatest public health triumphs.” Though new vaccines for deadly diseases have been developed in the past 10 years, and more are in development, “funding is tight, and unfounded doubts about the safety of vaccines persist.” The issue features stories on polio, measles, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, as well as issues surrounding vaccine rejection and hysteria about risk (5/26).
Maternal, Newborn and Child Health
India’s 2011 census data show that “wealthier, better-educated families â€¦ are choosing more and more often to abort pregnancies if the child is female,” despite fetal sex determination and sex-selective abortion being illegal in the country, according to a study conducted by Canadian and Indian researchers and published on Tuesday in the Lancet, National Journal reports.
Reflections On HIV/AIDS From NIAID Director: On Tuesday, May 31, at 2 p.m. ET,Â NIH will webcast liveÂ aÂ presentation by Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), titled “Thirty Years of HIV/AIDS: A Personal Journey.” June 5, 2011, marks 30 years since the first cases of…
WHA Participants Discuss Smallpox, Hear Draft Plan On Maternal And Child Health, Endorse Resolutions on AIDS, NCDs
Representatives of member nations at the World Health Assembly in Geneva “on Monday held a stormy discussion on the future of smallpox virus samples, which Russia and the United States are seeking to preserve while others want them destroyed,” Agence France-Presse reports.
A study of infants under 36 months old in a low-income area of Nairobi, Kenya, found that a “lack of information on exclusive breast feeding and low level of education for the mothers is the main cause of the frequent illness and malnutrition among infants,” the East African reports.
Agence France-Presse examines how officials in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir are battling a “shocking rise in female foeticide” by seizing unlicensed ultrasound machines and enlisting the assistance of religious leaders in the country’s only Muslim-majority state.
As part of a four-country tour, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Sunday arrived in Nigeria, where he highlighted the importance of fighting maternal and child mortality in the country, which has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in Africa, Agence France-Presse reports (5/22).
Sixteen countries have announced new commitments aimed at significantly reducing maternal, newborn and child mortality, by “focus[ing] on measures proven effective in preventing deaths, such as increased contraceptive use, attended childbirth, improved access to emergency obstetric care, prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV, and childhood immunizations,” ANI/Sify News reports (5/20).
A study has shown that during 2010, 12 women died every month while giving birth at the Princess Christian maternity hospital in Freetown, Sierra Leone, “a country with one of the world’s highest maternal mortality rates,” Agence France-Presse reports.
Haiti has a plan to vaccinate 90 percent of newborns by 2015, according to the Pan American Health Organization, but “[w]hether the plan works will depend on Haiti’s ability to reverse decades of incompetent government and bad coordination among aid groups,” as well as whether there will be funding, the New York Times reports.