Research published in the Lancet online Thursday “provides the strongest evidence to date” that antiretroviral therapy (ART) might also be used to prevent transmission of HIV, Agence France-Presse reports. The observational study found that treating HIV-positive patients with ART reduced the risk of HIV transmission to their sexual partners by 92 percent (5/26).
Also In Global Health News: WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Guidelines In Malawi; U.S., Nigeria To Collaborate On HIV Vaccine Research; Water Scarcity
IRIN PlusNews Reports On Possible Effects OfÂ AdoptingÂ WHO HIV/AIDS Treatment Guidelines In Malawi IRIN PlusNews examines the outcomes of a WHO-supported study in Malawi to assess what adopting the new WHO HIV/AIDS treatment guidelines would mean for the country. “According to the feasibility study, [adopting the guidelines would increase] the number…
Also In Global Health News: Contraception In India; Hunger In Chad; Malawi’s Anti-Gay Laws; Universal Flu Vaccine
TIME Examines Emergency Contraception In India TIME examines the popularity of emergency contraception in India and the associated challenges. “New Delhi has promoted emergency contraception as an option for women since 2002 and made it available over the counter in 2005. But it wasn’t until Cipla came out with the…
KPBS reports on researchers’ efforts to develop novel methods to protect women from HIV infection that have been examined at the International Microbicides Conference (M2010) in Pittsburgh this week. In sub-Saharan Africa, one of the region’s hardest hit by HIV/AIDS, “six out of ten adults living with the virus are women,” KPBS writes. The piece names several factors that increase women’s vulnerability to HIV transmission in the region and the need “for protection [against HIV] that women can use discreetly,” such as microbicides.
Global Scientific Research Organizations Release Recommendations For How G8 Should Improve Maternal, Child Health
The Royal Society of Canada, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and other scientific research organizations from around the world released a statement (.pdf) on Tuesday with recommendations for G8 countries on how to improve the health of women and children worlwide, the Toronto Star reports.
An increase in the number of injection drug users (IDUs) in eastern and southern Africa stands to harm efforts to control the spread of HIV/AIDS in the region, warned experts gathered at the World Forum Against Drug conference in Sweden on Monday, Agence France-Presse reports.
Researchers on Monday at the International Microbicides Conference (M2010) in Pittsburgh continued to present data on HIV prevention research, Reuters reports. The news service outlines several prevention methods being researched, including an intravaginal ring that over time releases two antiretrovirals (ARVs) â€“ dapivirine and maraviroc â€“ for up to a month, and a vaginal tablet that time-releases the antiretrovirals dapivirine and DS003 for up to 12 hours. Both methods have yet to reach clinical trials.
According to an annual ONE report, which tracks progress on aid commitments made at the 2005 G8 summit in Gleneagles, Scotland, the G7 â€“ Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the U.S. â€“ is “on track to deliver 61 percent of their combined commitments to sub-Saharan Africa, or $13.7 billion of the $22.6 billion increase they promised,” allAfrica.com reports. The ONE report says that “there has been great progress in the past five years but â€¦ we have enough data to know that the [aid] targets and their ambitiously hopeful outcomes have not been met,” according to allAfrica.com (Allen, 5/25).
A study in Africa, presented Sunday at the International Microbicides Conference (M2010) in Pittsburgh, has shown that a man’s risk of HIV infection doubles if his HIV-positive partner is pregnant, according to HealthDay News/U.S. News & World Report.
Also In Global Health News: Child Mortality In DRC; Low-Cost ARVs; Promoting Agriculture In Pakistan; Uganda’s HIV/AIDS Bill
Already High Child Mortality Exacerbated By Conflict In DRC The Associated Press/Washington Post examine how in the Democratic Republic of the Congo “ongoing rebel attacks and poor health care have produced a generation of mourning mothers and fathers, many of whom have lost more children than they are raising.” According…