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AAAS Meeting Examines Test-And-Treat Model’s Potential For Fighting HIV Spread, TB Co-Infection

Researchers speaking at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting on Saturday discussed how a strategy to promote universal voluntary HIV tests and early antiretroviral treatment for patients living in high-risk areas might “derail the spread of [HIV/]AIDS, a battle where a successful vaccine remains elusive,” the Associated Press/Washington Post reports. “Called ‘test-and-treat,’ the goal is to catch new [HIV] cases early and administer therapy to reduce the amount of virus in patients’ systems in an effort to prevent them from spreading the illness,” the news service writes.

Also In Global Health News: Infant, Maternal Mortality In N. Korea; Malaria In Cambodia; Zambia PEPFAR Program; Pakistan’s Anti-Polio Campaign; U.N. Ambassador Responds To Somalia; Myanmar Refugees

Increases In Infant, Maternal Mortality Lead To Life Expectancy Decline In North Korea Higher rates of infant and maternal mortality have lead to a decline of life expectancy in North Korea over the past 15 years, census figures, which were obtained with help form the U.N. Population Fund, said on…

Recent Releases In Global Health

Blog: Goosby Reflects On U.S. Response To Global HIV/AIDS At CROI The Infectious Diseases Center for Global Health Policy’s “Science Speaks” blog examines U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Eric Goosby’s recent address to the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) where he reemphasized the Obama administration’s commitment to “‘maintaining, extending…

Also In Global Health News: HIV Prevention Strategies For Couples; Humanitarian Operations In Somalia; Gender Rights; Health Clinic In Uganda

Studies Show Long-Term Couples Overlooked By HIV Prevention Strategies The Washington Post examines research presented at the 17th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections that indicates HIV prevention strategies in sub-Saharan Africa are overlooking the risk of transmission between couples in long-term relationships, fueling the spread of the disease. “Only as HIV…

Also In Global Health News: Parasite, Bacteria Survival Discovery; Polio Vaccine Campaign; Sanitary Kits In Kenya; Sierra Leone Maternal Mortality; Egypt’s Health Care; Kenya ARVs

Discovery Of Chemical Reaction Process Could Lead To New Malaria, TB Treatments Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign say that a recent finding could help develop new treatments to fight diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis, KWMU reports (LaCapra, 2/15). The researchers “say they’ve discovered an unusual chemical…

Senators Durbin, Brown Travel To Africa To Focus On Health, Other Issues

U.S. senators Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) departed Friday “for a trip to Africa,” the Associated Press/Chicago Tribune reports. The Senators “planned to visit Tanzania, Congo, Ethiopia and Sudan. They were expected to return to the United States on Feb. 19” (2/13).

Also In Global Health News: Boosting Banana Production; Measles Vaccines In Bangladesh; NTDs; Burkina Faso Maternal Care; Health Care, HIV In South Africa

Moderate Fertilizer Use Could Double Banana Production In East Africa, Improve Food Security A study of almost 200 farms in Uganda, funded by USAID and carried out by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), found that moderate use of mineral fertilizers could double banana production in East Africa and…

AP Examines Male Circumcision Efforts In Africa, Including Adult Circumcision Devices

The Associated Press examines efforts to prevent the spread of HIV by circumcising “about 50 million men across Africa – where 70 percent of the world’s HIV-infected population lives.” The procedure has been shown to lower a man’s risk of HIV infection through heterosexual sex, prompting “[c]ountries with high HIV rates, including Botswana, Kenya, Rwanda, Namibia and Zambia,” to include male circumcision in their HIV prevention plans, the news service writes.

Recent Releases In Global Health

Lancet Comment Examines Interconnectedness Of Global Health, Public Health “Global health and public health are indistinguishable,” according to a Lancet Comment that examines the interconnectedness of the fields. “Yet global health is still often perceived as international aid, technologies, and interventions flowing from the wealthier countries of the global north…