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Reuters Examines Development Progress Of Microbicide Gel To Prevent HIV

Reuters reports that the developers of a vaginal microbicide gel containing the antiretroviral tenofovir which has been found to reduce “HIV infections in women by 39 percent,” said that during meetings last week the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted fast track approval designation to the gel, which expedites the review of drugs by the agency.

Also In Global Health News: Flooding, HIV Treatment Adherence, and Economic Growth In Africa; China Detects Superbug; U.S. Aid To Myanmar; Cash-Transfer Programs

1.8M Now Affected By Flooding In West And Central Africa; Hardest Hit-Benin Struggles With Disease, Damaged Health Centers Flooding continues to devastate Central and West Africa – more than 1.8 million people have been affected and 400 killed, according to the U.N., United Press International reports. “The nation of Benin has…

Reuters Examines How Harm Reduction Policies In Switzerland Could Serve As Model For Reducing Spread Of HIV/AIDS Among IDUs

“Switzerland’s innovative policy of providing drug addicts with free methadone and clean needles has greatly reduced deaths while cutting crime rates and should serve as a global model, health experts said on Monday,” Reuters reports in an article that examines the outcomes resulting from drug policy reform in the country (Nebehay, 10/25).

Also In Global Health News: Synthetic Blood Development; HIV In Mozambique; Health Care Access In India; Health Care Workforce In Low-Income Countries

Los Angeles Times Examines Challenges, Potential Benefits Of Developing Artificial Blood The Los Angeles Times examines scientists’ efforts to develop synthetic blood substitutes, writing that many attempts have “failed to meet rigid safety standards.” The WHO “estimates that 44% of women who die in childbirth succumb to blood loss” in sub-Saharan…

To Reach MDGs, Citizens Must Demand More From Political Leaders, Former U.N. Secretary-General Tells U.N. Foundation Board Meeting

At a U.N. Foundation board meeting in Ghana to discuss Millennium Development Goal progress, which concluded on Saturday, former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan “called on the citizenry to demand the attainment of these set goals from their political leaders,” the Accra Mail reports. “It is only through this that we can put pressure on the politician to work towards achieving these goals,” he said, according to the newpaper.

Opinions: Haiti’s Cholera Outbreak; Japan’s Global Fund Commitment; African Leaders’ Commitments To Global Fund; Building Sustainable Development Projects

Interventions Needed To Prevent Haiti’s Cholera Outbreak From Spreading “[I]t was only a matter of time before a cholera outbreak occurred amid the devastation of post-earthquake Haiti. Why? Because cholera spreads in areas where there is untreated sewage, contaminated water, and people living close together. Cholera may also spread easily…

Also In Global Health News: PEPFAR-Supported Programs In Uganda; Cholera In Nigeria; $275M For Jordan’s Water Supply; Recovered Global Fund Money In Uganda; Maternal Health In India; Malnutrition In Yemen

PEPFAR Awards $250M To Uganda For HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention Programs The U.S. government, through PEPFAR, has provided “eleven new awards [which] amount to a quarter of a billion dollar investment over five years” to Uganda “in support” of the country’s HIV/AIDS response, a U.S. Mission press release states (10/21). Uganda’s…

Recent Releases In Global Health

Progress, Challenges In Curbing Neglected Tropical Diseases: “The effect of 30 years of neglect for these diseases in research and development of new diagnostics and drugs, and, crucially, in investing in training and education in vector-borne diseases, is evident. Most current drugs for neglected tropical diseases are old, and the…