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CQ HealthBeat Examines HIV Prevention Research Funding

The global economy has affected HIV/AIDS prevention research, so “scientists and those who fund them are struggling to set priorities among several competing research methods that could slow the spread of the disease, which causes about 2.7 million new infections worldwide a year,” CQ HealthBeat reports. The article looks at the “tension among those searching for effective vaccines and those who are concentrating on other prophylactic methods. With more and more lines of inquiry showing promise, scientists may be victims of their own success.”

Miller-McCune Examines Impact Of Limited Access To Schistosomiasis Drug In Africa

Miller-McCune examines the limited access populations living in Africa have to the schistosomiasis drug praziquantel – “the only commercially available treatment for the disease.” Schistosomiasis “kills about 300,000 people and afflicts more than 200 million yearly with chronic and severe anemia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, infertility and bladder cancer,” the magazine writes, adding that the disease is “[e]specially prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, [where] by some estimates, nearly 800 million people are at risk of infection.”

Obama Administration Expected To Announce $4B Pledge To Global Fund

“The Obama administration is expected on Tuesday to announce a large increase in its pledge to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and to call for reform of the organization,” the Wall Street Journal reports. “The pledge of $4 billion over the next three fiscal years to the Geneva-based organization comes as governments and donors around the world have slowed increases in spending to combat HIV/AIDS, with weaker economies straining budgets,” the newspaper adds (McKay, 10/5).

Also In Global Health News: U.S. Rice Exports To Haiti; Somali Ambulance Workers; HIV In Kenya; Gates Foundation Global Health Work; U.N.’s Congo Mission; U.S. Involvement In Unethical Medical Research

U.S. Should Stop Subsidizing Rice Exports To Haiti, Oxfam Says In a new report, aid agency Oxfam “has called on the United States to stop subsidising American rice exports to Haiti, the poorest country in the western hemisphere, because it says the policy undermines local production of food,” BBC reports.…

NIH Announces It Will Share IP Rights To Some AIDS Drugs In UNITAID Patent Pool

The NIH announced Thursday “it will share intellectual property rights on some AIDS drugs in a patent pool designed to make treatments more widely available to the poor,” Reuters reports. The move makes the NIH the “the first research institution to join an HIV medicines patent pool launched by UNITAID, a health financing system funded by a tax on airline tickets which was co-founded by Brazil, Britain, Chile, France, and Norway in 2006,” the news service adds (Kelland, 9/30).

Also In Global Health News: African Bank Donates To Global Fund; Dengue-Blocking Mosquitoes; Maternal Health In Afghanistan; Leishmaniasis Drug; HIV/AIDS In Ukraine; Malnutrition In Mozambique; MDR-TB Study

Africa’s Access Bank Donates $1M To Global Fund Africa’s Access Bank “has announced a donation of the sum of $1 million to the Global Fund’s Gift from Africa” project redeemable over a 3-year period (2010 – 2012),” according to the New Times/allAfrica.com. Aigboje Aig-Imoukhuede, Access Bank’s group managing director, said…

U.N. Agencies’ Report Examines Global Progress In Fight Against HIV/AIDS

“A record 1.2 million people in low- and middle-income countries started antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS in 2009” – a 30 percent increase from the previous year and a 13-fold increase in six years, according to a joint report released Tuesday by the WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS, Reuters reports. In total, the report found that 5.25 million people received antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2009, three-quarters of them living in Africa (Migiro, 9/28).

U.N. MDGs Summit Concludes With ‘Outcome Document’

The three-day U.N. Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) ended Wednesday with world leaders “adopting a declaration agreed [to] earlier this month, which promised intensified efforts by the 192 U.N. member states to achieve the world body’s so-called Millennium Development Goals by 2015,” Reuters reports (Worsnip/Wroughton, 9/22).

Recent Releases In Global Health

Several blogs, publications examine the U.N. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) summit: The MDGs serve a dual purpose “helping the poor countries to fight poverty and the rich countries to preserve a sense of social solidarity,” writes Jeffrey Sachs, director of Columbia University’s Earth Institute in a post on the Guardian’s…

World Leaders Address Country Ownership, Accountability, Women At MDG Summit

“African leaders said on Tuesday they could do more to meet U.N. goals to slash extreme poverty and urged stronger leadership among developing countries to tackle hunger and disease and attract investment,” Reuters reports in an article that examines the leaders call for African nations to take greater ownership of their development.