BMJ News reports on South African Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi’s visit to the U.S. last week, where he spoke at a forum in Washington, D.C., on the efforts the government is making to promote HIV prevention and treatment and improve the country’s health system. The publication notes that the health ministry has set a goal of testing the HIV status of 15 million people in the country by the end of the year â€“ “nearly a third of its population of 50 million.”
Access to Health Services
Also In Global Health News: Radiation Risk, Aid Delivery In Japan; HIV/AIDS In PNG; Counterfeit Drugs; Health Spending In Myanmar
Radiation’s Effect On Health; Aid Distribution In Japan In light of the damage to nuclear reactors atÂ Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi power plant, the New York Times examines how increased radiation exposure affects human health. “Certain levels of radiation exposure are known to increase the risk of cancer, but scientists disagree about…
“Worldwide breast cancer incidence and mortality are expected to increase by 50 percent from 2002 and 2020 â€“ and those rates will be highest in developing nations,” according to a review article published Friday in Lancet Oncology that describes several challenges low- and middle-income countries face in diagnosing and treating such conditions, the Huffington Post reports. The review features a series of recommendations, generated from discussions and reports presented during the Breast Health Global Initiative (BHGI) meeting last year, which drew together more than 150 health experts from 43 countries to discuss breast cancer management in low- and middle-resource countries (LMCs).
Midwife Shortage In Developing Countries Contributing To Deaths Of Mothers, Infants, Save The Children Report Says
The deaths of more than one million mothers and newborns could be prevented if the shortage of 350,000 trained midwives in developing countries could be met, according to a Save the Children report (.pdf) released on Friday, Reuters reports.
What To Do About Antibiotic Resistance: AÂ Lancet Infectious Diseases editorial describes the growing public concerns over a global rise in antimicrobial resistance. “Bearing in mind that our objective is to contain antibiotic resistance rather than eradicate it, several policies could be adopted to help guarantee a future for antibiotics,” the…
More needs to be done to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and increase access to treatments for patients living with the disease, according to representatives from 24 Asia-Pacific countries attending a regional United Nations meeting in Bangkok this week, VOA News reports (Schearf, 3/30).
Also In Global Health News: Gender Imbalance In India; Task-Shifting On Abortion; Family Planning In The Philippines; Antimicrobial Resistance; Dengue Fever In Paraguay; AIDS Drug Demand In Kenya; mHealth In Africa
India Census Data Reveal Gender Imbalance India’s child sex ratio declined to 914 females to 1,000 males, which is the lowest level since 1947, census data released on ThursdayÂ show, Agence France-Presse reports (3/31). “Despite laws banning expectant parents from doing prenatal tests to determine the gender of their unborn child,…
Nearly 30 years since researchers first described HIV/AIDS, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Thursday in Nairobi, Kenya, released a report (.pdf) assessing the global HIV/AIDS response, Agence France-Presse reports (3/31).
Ten years “since heads of state of African Union countries met in Abuja, Nigeria, and pledged to set a target of allocating ‘at least 15%’ of their annual budget to improve the health sector, only Rwanda and South Africa have reached the objective,” according to a recent WHO report, BMJ News reports (Zarocostas, 3/30).
In South Sudan, which is poised to become “the world’s newest country” in July, “90% of the population lives on less than $1 a day,” and the region is plagued by multiple systemic health issues as a result of years of war, Lancet Infectious Diseases Newsdesk reports.